Achieving equalized educational opportunity through improved learning environment in K-12 schools for low-income students (e.g., high-quality instruction, curricula, culture of integration and equal opportunity, technology, behavioral and social-psychological interventions, etc.)

Chetty, R, Friendman, JN and Rockoff, JE. (2012). “Great Teaching.” EducationNext.   LINK

Murnane, RJ and Hoffman, S. (2013). “Graduations on the Rise”. EducationNext.   LINK

[P] Equity and Excellence Commission. “For Each and Every Child” [“Teaching, Leadership and Learning Opportunities”, pp. 21-27]  LINK

Rogers, J. (2014). “It’s About Time”. Executive Summary. LINK

[P] Fryer, R.G, Jr. (2014). “Injecting Charter School Best Practices into Traditional Public Schools: Evidence From Field Experiments.” [pp. 1-17 and pp. 42-45.]  LINK

[P] Angrist, J.D., Dynarski, S.M., Kane, T.J., Pathak, P.A., and Walters, C.R. (2012). “Who Benefits from KIPP?” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 31:837-60.

[P] Dobbie, W. and Fryer, R.G. Jr. (2010). “Are High-Quality Schools Enough to Increase Achievement Among the Poor? Evidence from the Harlem Children’s Zone.” LINK

[P] Duncan/Murnane. (2014). “Elementary Schools that Work” from Restoring Opportunity: The Crisis of Inequality and the Challenge for American Education.

[P] Darling-Hammond, L., Zielezinski, M.B. and Goldman, S. (2014). “Using Technology to Support At-Risk Students’ Learning”. LINK

[P] Quintero, E. (2014). “Feeling Socially Connected Fuels Intrinsic Motivation and Engagement.”   LINK

Sahm, C. (2015). “What Explains Success at Success Academy?” EducationNext. LINK

Optional: Ripley, A. (2013). Edited Transcript of Interview with Amanda Ripley on Diane Rehm Show. [attached]

Optional: Schools of Opportunity” award project to honor schools in NY and CO that do excellent job to create equal opportunity for all. See criteria, description of project, inaugural winners and detail of one winner.

Addressing inequalities through strengthened supports for low-income students (e.g., counseling, guidance, tutoring, savvy, caring adults, reducing HS dropouts, wraparound services)

Cummings, C. et al. (2011) “Evaluation of the Full Service Extended Schools Initiative: Final Report”. [Executive Summary and pp. 78-87.] LINK

[P] Child Trends, “Making the Grade: Assessing the Evidence for Integrate Student Supports” (2014) [pp. 5-7 only] LINK

[P] Equity and Excellence Commission. “For Each and Every Child” [“Meeting the Needs of Students in High-Poverty Communities”, pp. 30-33]  LINK

[P] Neild, R. C., Balfanz, R., and Herzog, L. (2007). “An Early Warning System.” Educational Leadership 65(2):28-33.  LINK [Note: the “On Ramps” working group discussed heavily how to smooth transition from high school to community colleges or 4-year colleges and talked heavily about career and technical education in high-school so have not addressed these topics here.]

 Reducing class gaps outside of school day/school year (e.g., extra-curriculars, summer learning experiences, lengthening school day or year to bring this “into” school)

Chin, Tiffani and Phillips, M. (2004). “Social Reproduction and Childrearing Practices: Social Class, Children’s Agency, and the Summer Activity Gap.” Sociology of Education 77: 185-210.

[P] Ford Foundation. (2013) “More and Better Learning Time”

Del Razo, JL, et al. (2014) “Leveraging Time for School Equity: Indicators to Measure More and Better Learning Time.” Annenberg Institute for School Reform, Brown University.  Pp. 1-16. LINK

What does it take organizationally and financially to reduce these K-12 inequities? (e.g, more resources to schools with significant low-income populations; governance; accountability; charters; choice; skills-standards; teacher assignment/evaluation/recruitment/retention, etc.)

Baker, B.D. and Corcoran, S.P. (2012). “The Stealth Inequities of School Funding: How State and Local School Finance Systems Perpetuate Inequitable Student Spending.” Pp. 1-12. LINK

[P] Equity and Excellence Commission. “For Each and Every Child” [“Introduction”, “Improving School Finance and Efficiency,”, and “Governance and Accountability to Improve Equity and Excellence”, pp. 12-20, 34-38]  LINK

Denice, P. (2014). “Are Charter Schools Working? A Review of the Evidence”. CRPE Brief.   LINK

[P] Lareau, A. and Goyette, K. (2014) Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools (pp. 12-17, pp. 303-305) [2 attachments – Ch 1 contains pp. 12-17, Ch 10 contains pp. 303-305]

Chingos, MM and Peterson, PE. (2013). “The Impact of School Vouchers on College Enrollment.” EducationNext. LINK

Oakes. J. (2015). “Social Theory, Evidence, and Activism: Challenging Education Inequality in an Unequal Society.” Draft chapter for William Tierney, ed. Rethinking Education and Poverty. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press.

[P] Goldstein, Dana. (2013). “What Happens When Great Teachers Get $20,000 to Work in Low-Income Schools? Results.” Slate . [Teacher Transfer Initiative.]  LINK

[P] The New Teacher Project. (2014). “Rebalancing Teacher Tenure: A Post-Vergara Guide for Policymakers.” LINK

Brody, L. (2014). “Charter School Boasts Big Pay and Big Results; Study Finds Gains for Students at Manhattan Charter with High Teacher Pay.” Wall Street Journal.

Roza, M. (2011). “The Machinery that Drives Education-Spending Decisions Inhibits Better Use of Resources.” Thomas Fordham Institute.

Optional: Kirabo Jackson, C., Johnson, R., and Persico, C. (2014). “The Effect of School Finance Reforms on the Distribution of Spending, Academic Achievement and Adult Outcomes.” NBER Working Paper 20118. LINK

[P] = a piece that has significant suggestions about “policy” ideas for what we do to fix the current problems.