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Table of Contents Page # OKWG cover image
Introduction 03
Families & Parenting 14
Early Childhood 24
K-12 Years 36
Communities 50
“On-ramps” 62
Appendix & Acknowledgements 74


The Saguaro Seminar: Civic Engagement in America, “Closing the Opportunity Gap Report,” Harvard Kennedy School (2016).

This report was made possible with the generous support of the Spencer Foundation, Annie E. Casey Foundation, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Ford Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation, and Markle Foundation.